Dogs are the sweetest, and one glance at their sad puppy dog eyes and we find ourselves having a hard time saying no, but can a little household treat hurt your dog? Several human foods are dangerous and toxic, and consuming them could harm your dog’s health.
Brace yourself because you have to limit snacking with your pal now. Let’s have a look at what are some of the common foods that your dog can’t eat.
20 Foods Harmful To Dogs
1. Grapes and Raisins
Grapes and raisins are considered highly toxic to dogs. Vomiting, diarrhea, abdominal pain, and anorexia are a few symptoms of food toxicity in your dog. In extreme cases, these fruits can cause a sudden onset of acute kidney failure.
2. Artificial Sweeteners
Low-fat and sugar-free items that contain artificial sweeteners known as Xylitol or Birch sugar must be avoided at all costs. Xylitol is typically found in various food and beverages, including sugar-free products, low-fat yogurt, diet drinks, candy, gum, toothpaste, baked goods, and even peanut butter.
Even a tiny amount of artificial sweetener can be fatal, impacting your dog’s blood sugar levels and potentially leading to hypoglycemia and impaired liver function.
3. Leftover Meat and Bones
Does your pet show you their sad puppy dog eyes to convince you to share some of your dinner? Unfortunately, your meal can be fatal to your dog, especially cooked bones, fat trimmings, and leftover fatty meat.
Cooked bone is soft and can splinter easily, causing severe damage to the dog’s digestive system, including gastric upset, abdominal pain, and intestinal blockages. On the other hand, fat trimmings and leftover meat can overload your dog’s digestive system causing pancreatitis, organ damage, and, in fatal cases, sudden death.
4. Ham and Deli Meats
While we are on the subject of dinner, we must avoid feeding deli meats and ham too. Both of these are harmful to dogs due to their high-fat content, high sodium, preservatives, and flavorings, and they can cause gastrointestinal upset and pancreatitis in dogs.
Further, several baked ham varieties are incredibly high in sugar, which further adds strain to the pancreas and liver with high blood sugar levels. Because of these ham and deli meats, dogs can suffer long-term risks such as diabetes and obesity.
5. Onions and Garlic
Raw, cooked, powdered, or dehydrated onions and garlic harm your dog. Eating onions and garlic just once causes poisoning, the symptoms of which include vomiting, weakness, and breathing problems.
Continuous consumption will kill your dog’s red blood cells and cause anemia. Did you know that even some baby foods contain onion powder? You can never be too careful when it comes to your pup, so keep an eye on your dog if you have a baby in the house.
Nuts are high in fat and salt and can cause various health issues. Nut toxicity can cause seizures, lethargy, vomiting, and loss of muscle control. One of the nuts, Macadamia, is incredibly toxic and fatal for your dog—other than that you should also avoid almonds and pistachios.
7. Raw Eggs
While cooked eggs (in moderation) are a great addition to your dog’s diet, consuming raw eggs can lead to a biotin deficiency in dogs. Biotin deficiency negatively affects your dog’s skin and coat; bad skin and fur can further increase the risk of infections.
8. Raw Fish
Raw fish contains harmful bacteria that can cause food poisoning. Additionally, raw fish can potentially increase the risk of Fish Disease in dogs. This disease is caused by a parasite commonly found in salmon, sturgeon, trout, and other upstream swimming fish species.
Most snacks, such as pretzels and potato chips, contain salt, which dogs often snack on in play or for fun. However, consuming it in large quantities can lead to salt poisoning, which can cause neurological symptoms such as brain swelling and seizures.
Both wild mushrooms and store-bought mushrooms are harmful to your dog. Wild mushrooms typically cause the most harm, resulting in seizures and vomiting, even with just a few bites
Avocados, both the skin and the pit, are toxic for dogs.
Since they can’t fully digest the avocado’s pit or seed, this can lead to a blockage of the esophagus or intestine.
On the other hand, the fleshy or meaty part of the avocado is relatively safe for dogs to consume in small quantities as it contains high-fat content and a toxin called persin.
12. Apples and Cherry Seeds
The cyanide found in the seeds of apples and cherries is toxic to dogs and lethal in high doses. Consuming these seeds can also cause dilated pupils, breathing problems, and even shock syndrome or death.
While a dog might never consume yeast directly, it is still the main ingredient that makes the dough baked into bread. Yeast is dangerous for dogs because it can expand in their stomachs and cause their organs to tear or twist. The symptoms of this problem include vomiting, diarrhea, stomach bloating, and alcohol toxicity due to dough fermentation.
While we absolutely can not live without chocolate, dogs have to. Chocolate contains an ingredient known as theobromine which is poisonous to pets. Chocolate toxicity can cause vomiting, diarrhea, heart arrhythmias, and seizures; too much could lead to death.
So keep that chocolate far from your pets if you want them alive and well.
15. Fatty Foods
We all know how dogs wag their tails at the scent of greasy and high-fat cheeseburgers, fried foods, and bacon. While fatty foods aren’t toxic, they can still cause vomiting, gas, and diarrhea, and continuous consumption of these rich foods can cause pancreatitis and gastrointestinal issues.
Pizza is a regular at most homes. We love it, but it is a health hazard for dogs as it contains garlic, onion, salt, and fatty meat. So keep an eye on your pet and make sure that it doesn’t swipe a slice from your table.
While healthy for us to eat, Broccoli contains isothiocyanates which are harmful to pets in large doses. Broccoli can also get stuck in the dog’s throat, causing an obstruction.
18. Milk and dairy Products
Did you know dogs can be lactose intolerant or allergic to milk and dairy products? Your dog may experience diarrhea and gas. Among dairy products, ice cream is particularly bad for dogs because of its high sugar and fat content.
19. Nutmeg and Cinnamon
Nutmeg is one of the most harmful ingredients for your dog. It can cause hallucinations and severe vomiting, and this occurs because nutmeg contains myristicin, a toxic compound for dogs. You should avoid giving any food to your dog that has nutmeg.
Cinnamon is not a toxic ingredient per se, but it can cause irritation in your dog’s mouth and lead to a drop in blood sugar levels. Best to keep it far away too.
20. Tomatoes and Raw Potatoes
Tomatoes and potatoes, in some forms, are safe foods for dogs. For example, ripened red tomato is generally acceptable to consume for dogs. However, the green parts of the tomatoes are toxic as they contain solanine, and it would be best to avoid the unripe green ones altogether.
On the same plate, baked or boiled potatoes in small amounts are safe to consume with no additives. However, raw potatoes contain solanine and are toxic to dogs.
To summarize and categorize the above information, we’ve broken it into different categories below:
Which fruits are bad for dogs and must be avoided?
We advise you to keep your dog away from cherries, grapes, raisins, grapefruits, avocados, and tomatoes because they can cause liver damage, and the seeds can get stuck in their organs.
Instead, give your pet some nutrition-filled fruits such as apples (not the seeds!), bananas, blueberries, cantaloupe, cranberries, cucumbers, mangoes, oranges, and watermelon. These are safe foods for dogs but remember that moderation is key.
Remember to remove the skin and seeds from the fruits before offering them to your pet.
What food can kill dogs instantly?
We’ve mentioned above that certain common foods can be fatal for dogs.
Food containing artificial sweeteners, avocado pits, ground coffee beans, grapes and raisins, yeast dough, chocolate, and salt, is lethal and can lead to sudden death.
What is the list of dangerous food for dogs by RSPCA?
RSPCA is a well-recognized organization that works for the well-being of pets. According to the RSPCA, the following food items are harmful for your dogs to consume.
- Macadamia nuts
- Sultanas and currants
- Chewing gum
- Peaches and plums
- Onion and garlic
- Ice cream
- Cooked bones
- Ground Coffee Beans
Okay, so far, we have gone over 20 foods that are harmful to dogs. So what can your dog eat?
We’ve got a big list of items that are A-okay and safe for dogs to eat!
- White Rice
- Baked fish
- Plain popcorn
- Green beans
- Natural unsalted Peanut butter
How can you ensure that your dog has a healthy diet?
Each dog has a different diet and appetite that suits its body’s needs. The diet varies according to breed, body volume, and pre-existing health conditions. You can consult your veterinarian for a comprehensive diet plan for your pet.
If you want a quick solution, you can also download PetMyPal and consult with a registered and professional vet. On PetMyPal, you can email or chat with the vet from the comfort of your home for a minimal fee. Whether you want to know more about your pet’s diet or have a specific question regarding a non-emergency situation, the vets at PetMyPal are available.